6 Ways To Prevent Pregnancy
People who are sexually active and want to avoid pregnancy should be aware of their options when it comes to birth control. There are many ways available to avoid pregnancy.
1. Male Condom:
Male and female condoms are the only types of contraception that protect against sexually transmitted infections (STI).
if a male condom is used correctly, they are more than 80% effective against pregnancy.
How to use it correctly :
1. Choose the correct size.
2. Place it on the head of the erect penis.
3. Pinch the tip of the condom to remove any air.
4. Try to unroll the condom down the penis, try not to tear it.
5. After intercourse, hold it from the base of the condom in place before pulling it out of the vagina.
6. Remove it and dispose of it. Never reuse a condom.
Most of the Male condoms are made up of latex, but there are many more who are allergic to latex. If using a lubricant, check that it is compatible with the condom being used.
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2. Female Condoms
Female condoms are available without a prescription. They can be used instead of a male condom, and should never be used with one.
As per the studies, female condoms are about 79 percent effective for contraception.
Usually many stores now sell female condoms but if local drugstores do not have them they are also available online.
3. Cervical Cap
A cervical cap is a soft silicone cup that can be placed deep inside the vagina. It covers the cervix to stop the sperm to reach an egg.
The effectiveness of the cervical cap ranges from about 70 to 85 percent. It does not protect against STIs.
4. Contraceptive Pills
Birth control pills are one of the most commonly used methods of contraception in the U.S.
There are various brands of pills available, they are over 99 % effective if taken as prescribed.
Two types of pills
Combined pills: these should be taken daily as prescribed. The pill pack often contains pills that are free of hormones. These pills are usually used for monthly periods.
The mini-pill: These pills should be taken at the same time every day without a break. The one who is taking these pills will not necessarily have a scheduled period.
The Contraceptive shot is given by the doctor every 12 weeks. When it is used correctly and assuming that a person gets their shot on time it’s 90 % effective at preventing pregnancy.
As per planned pregnancy, it can take up to 10 minutes or longer for fertility to return to normal after a person stops getting their shot.
Spermicide is a kind of chemical that inactivates sperm. it is totally available without a prescription and is used with forms of barrier contraception, but not with a sponge.
It should be inserted close to the cervix 10 minutes before sex. It is effective for more than a minimum of 60 minutes, therefore it is 71 % effective.
It comes in the form of gel and is easily found in drugstores as well as online.
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