What is Ovarian Cyst – 2022

What is Ovarian Cyst – 2022

Common growths that develop on or inside the ovaries are known as Ovarian Cysts. The most common cysts that are harmless do not cause any symptoms and eventually go away without treatment. There are very few cysts that cause complications and need attention. If you go for a regular pelvic exam may help in reducing the chances of experiencing problems with a cyst.

What is an ovarian cyst?

An ovarian cyst is a sac filled with fluid or semisolid material that forms on or within one or sometimes in both ovaries. Ovaries are small organs in your pelvis which hold egg cells and make hormones like estrogen and progesterone.

There are different types of ovarian cysts, one of which are harmless and painless. These types of cysts usually don’t show any symptoms. You won’t even be knowing that you have one unless your provider finds one during a routine pelvic exam.

There are very few cysts that can cause complications.

Who could be affected by ovarian cysts?

Anyone with ovaries can develop an ovarian cyst. Your chances increase based on your:

  • Age.
  • History of Ovarian cysts.
  • Pregnancy status.
  • Current medical condition.

How common are ovarian cysts?

Ovarian cysts are prevalent if you haven’t gone through menopause.

What are the signs and symptoms of an ovarian cyst?

A small cyst does not have any symptoms but if you have more giant cysts it may cause:

  • Painful menstruation.
  • Pain during intercourse.
  • Pelvic pain or a dull ache in your back.
  • You started feeling fullness in your lower belly.

Do you gain weight with an ovarian cyst?

Yes, cysts can cause bloating, which contributes to weight gain.

Complications of ovarian cysts?

  • Cancerous cyst: There are some cysts that develop after menopause and are more likely to be cancerous.

Ruptured ovarian cyst: There are some cysts that are commonly ruptured without causing any negative symptoms. But there are some cysts that may cause pain and swelling.

How are ovarian cysts treated?

Treatment for cysts is totally dependent on factors like age, symptoms, and what is the reason for causing cysts.

There are some cysts that go away on their own.

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Ovarian cyst medications

Your doctor may give you medication containing hormones (such as birth control pills) to stop ovulation and prevent cysts that may form in the future.

Ovarian cyst

Ovarian cyst surgery 

If the cyst continuously starts getting bigger, then your doctor may ask you to go for surgery.

Laparoscopy: This is a procedure where your doctor inserts a small camera through a small incision in your abdomen. The ovarian cyst can be removed through tiny incisions.

Laparotomy: Your doctor may perform this if you have a very large cyst.

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